The starting point of European Road 79 is Miskolk town in Hungary. After crossing Debrecen it enters Romania by border town of Bors.
This road crosses Western Romania descending on the NW – SE direction through the beautiful region of Western Carpathians.
Oradea is the first major city you will pass through following the road. First mentioned in 1113, the city is the capital of Bihor County. The city fortress was built between 1570 and 1620 in the Flemish style with Italian influences and is now at the forefront of modernization and transformation process in an important cultural and artistic center.
Not far from Oradea you find the well known SPA resorts with thermal waters: Felix Baths and May 1st. Here, due to geological factors thermal waters rise to the surface at a temperature between 32 and 49 degrees Celsius and here was the ideal place to develop significant treatment facilities. The white lily (Nymphaea alba) found here an ideal area for development.
Not far from Sudrigiu village is the gateway to the Apuseni Mountains. Just 35 kilometers on the mountain roads to reach the heart of the mountains. Padis karst plateau with its many wonders invites you to visit it. Focul Viu Cave, Cetatile Ponor, Galbenei keys and Lost World are some of the most important natural attractions of the area. The famous Bear Grylls filmed here an episode of the series Essential Survival Techniques by Discovery.
Not far from E 79 there is a water bottling station for the famous mineral water Izvorul Minunilor, award winning in European competitions.
In our opinion, Vascau is the most beautiful village in Romania. Here in the heart of the Apuseni Mountains to East can be seen on a clear day Curcubata Mare peak (1849 m) and westwards to Codru Moma Mountains foothills stretching the village with its church steeple dominated houses.
Soon Brad town is reached, an old mining town at the foot of the Melafieri Mountains. It is distinguished by the Gold Museum (unique in Romania) but also by the desolate appearance of blocks of flats built in the era of communist industrialization.
After crossing the Ore Mountains – volcanic origin, exceptionally rich in precious metals come in wide valley of the river Mures, in Deva.
Ancient Dacian fortress of Deva rises above whole Mures River corridor overlooking the town and villages below. An important industrial and commercial center, Deva is the city where Romanian women’s gymnastics national team is training.
On the way to Hateg depression we cross the old metal center Calan. From Hateg, the old capital of the Hateg Land, you easily reach the ruins of the Roman capital city of Dacia – Sarmisegetuza Regia. Hateg is an old Romanian region, proven by the famous church in Densus, one of the oldest Orthodox churches in the world built with stones taken from ancient Roman city. From this small provincial town in the foothills of Retezat Mountains start wearing nationally famous name Road 66. The road goes west direction to east, crossing Shureanu Mountains and after passing Merisor Pass at 759 meters altitude reaches Petrosani Depression. Capital region Petrosani is the most important mining town of Romania. Bordered by mountains on all sides its geological depression Petrosani is particularly rich in coal and potential benefit and winter mountain tourism is facing a promising future.
Jiu Valley is the most spectacular gorge of the Carpathians. In 1950’s on this mountain valley a railway was built with more than 130 bridges, tunnels and viaducts. The railways was designed to connect Petrosani powerful mining center with the rest of Romania.
At Bumbesti Jiu E79 road leaves the Romanian Carpathians and crosses the Sub-Carpathians hills soon to arrive in Targu Jiu. Brancusi city is distinguished by the exceptional architectural ensemble built by the father of modern sculpture: Table of Silence, Gate of Kiss and The Endless Column.
On the way to Craiova our way follows the river Jiu passing Getic Plateau.
With a population of over 300,000 inhabitants, the former stronghold of Bania region is an important economic and cultural center of the southern Romania. To the Danube are only 90 kilometers south-easterly direction. The new bridge over the Ister (the ancient name of the Danube) linking the Bulgarian city of Vidin with Calafat will be opened in the year 2013.
Here at the South border of Romania concludes our description of a road that is 1300 km long. After 540 kilometers the route goes across Bulgaria in the Balkan peninsula to the shores of the Aegean Sea all the way to Thessaloniki.
Regardless of the direction of travel, this road will not disappoint you. Landscapes and cities passed will convince you that you go through one of the most spectacular roads in Europe.